Motiveringar till asteroidnamn med svensk anknytning.

Efter numret och namnet ges också den s k provisoriska beteckningen. Denna infördes på 1890-talet som en kombination av årtalet och en eller flera bokstäver; systemet ändrades flera gånger. Faktagranskning av namn med anknytning till den fornnordiska religionen har gjort av professor Gullög Nordquist.

Från och med (1448) Lindbladia är citaten de officiella publicerade i Minor Planet Circulars. Efter dessa föjer ibland kommentarer skrivna av professor Nordquist. Själva motiveringarna till tidigare namn har till stor del hämtats från Astronomische Nachrichten (AN), en vetenskaplig tidskrift som började ges ut i Tyskland redan 1821.

(76) Freia

Upptäcktes 21 oktober 1862 av H. d'Arrest i Köpenhamn

I den nordiska asatron var Freja (Fröja) fruktbarhetsgudinna och dotter till Njord. Hennes bror och make var Frej (Frö). Hon bär det magiska halsbandet Brisingamén och hennes vagn dras av katter. I kulten av Freja finns schamanistiska drag och hon lär människorna sejd.

I AN 59, 16 rapporterar Heinrich Ludwig d'Arrest (1822-1875) om sina observationer av en småplanet som han inte kunde identifiera med något tidigare känt objekt. Han avslutar notisen med "Är denna planet, som jag tror, verkligen ny, kan man kalla den "Freia", efter gudinnan i den nordiska mytologin med samma namn.

d'Arrest upptäckte inga ytterligare småplaneter. Småplaneten (9133) bär hans namn liksom en månkrater och en krater på Marsmånen Phobos.

(77) Frigga

Upptäcktes 12 november 1862 av C.H.F. Peters i Clinton

Frigg var mor till Balder och maka (och särbo) till Oden. F. skildras som mangalen och otrogen men är också äktenskapets och moderskapets beskyddarinna och den visaste bland gudinnorna. I dag påminns vi fortfarande på fredagarna om Frigg. (Hon kan vara en lokal version av Freja!)

I AN 60, 107 skriver Peters om sina observationer av Frigga från observatoriet vid Hamilton College. Han publicerar också banelement baserade på observationerna från 15 november 1862 till och med 17 februari 1863. Artikeln inleds

" För denna planet tillåter jag mig att föreslå namnet Frigga eftersom Frigga och Freia så ofta i den nordiska mytologin finns i sällskap och då namnet på den 76:e planeten redan blivit godkänt av Berliner Jahrbuch".

Christian Heinrich Friedrich Peters (1813-1890) upptäckte 48 småplaneter. Han var elev till Gauss och Encke men utvandrade till USA 1854 där han var verksam vid Hamilton College i Clinton.

(131) Vala

Upptäcktes 24 maj 1863 av C.H.F. Peters i Clinton

Vala, Völva, är i den fornnordiska mytologien benämningen på en kvinna med förmåga att praktisera sejd eller annan trolldom. I den poetiska Eddan är universums historia återgivet av en Völva.



(167) Urda

Upptäcktes 28 augusti 1876 av C.H.F. Peters i Clinton

Urd är en av de tre namngivna nornorna i fornnordisk religion. Urd väver det som varit. De bor under Yggdrasil vid Urdarbrunnen. Nornorna avgjorde alla levande varelsers öde genom att spinna eller klippa av livets trådar



(176) Iduna

Upptäcktes 14 oktober 1877 av C.H.F. Peters i Clinton

Idun är en av gudinnorna i den fornnordiska mytologin. Hon var gift med Brage och var den som bevarade de äpplen som ger evig ungdom.

Gustaf Svanberg (1802-1882) beskriver i sina memoarer hur han vid två tillfällen träffade Peters, i Berlin och Neapel. Vid Peters besök i Sverige 1877, dock utan att träffa Svanberg denna gång, besökte Peters enligt Svanbergs memoarer (sid. 288) klubben Idun i Stockholm och blev så nöjd att han efter hemkomsten till Clinton gav en nyupptäckt småplanet namnet Iduna. Peters kommentar till besöket är publicerat i AN 91, 63. Sällskapet Idun grundades 1862 av Harald Wieselgren med syftet att sammanföra män verksamma inom vetenskap, vitterhet och konst.



(240) Vanadis

Upptäcktes 27 augusti 1884 av A. Borrelly i Marseilles

Vanadis är ett annat namn på gudinnan Freja. Namnet kommer från Vaner, fruktbarhetsgudar, och diser som också står för fruktbarhet. Disablotet har gett namnåt distingen. Distingsmarknaden hålls fortfarande i Uppsala under februari varje år.



Alphonse Louis Nicolas Borrelly (1842-1926) var en fransk astronom i Marseille. Han upptäckte 19 småplaneter och den kortperiodiska kometen 19P/Borrelly. Asteroiden (1539) bär hans namn.



(328) Gudrun

Upptäcktes 18 mars 1892 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg



Gudrun var fru till Sigurd Fafnesbane, syster till Gunnar Gjukason och mor till Sigmund. Här följer historien som Wagner använder: Gunnar Gjukason svor fostbrödralag med Sigurd, och båda älskade Brunhild. Hon föredrog Sigurd, men han var ju gift med Gudrun. Brynhild övertygade då Gunnar och hans bröder (enl andra versioner styvbror) att mörda Sigurd och Sigmund, vilket gjorde att Gunnar fick Andvares (= Alberich) guldskatt (=Rhenguldet). Gunnar och brodern Högne grävde ner skatten i Rhenfloden, men dödades sedan av hunnerkuingen (Atle), som enligt denna version har gift sig med Gudrun.



Maximilian Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf (1863-1932) föddes i Heidelberg. År 1889 åkte han till Stockholm för att under Gyldéns handledning arbeta med en avhandling som behandlade trekroppars-problemet. Max Wolf var den som började använda fotografering för att upptäcka nya småplaneter. Han hittade totalt 228 sådana under åren 1891-1932.



(329) Svea

Upptäcktes 21 mars 1892 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Namnet anspelar på Sverige.





(344) Desiderata = 1892 M

Upptäcktes 15 november 1892 av A. Charlois i Nice

Döpt efter Eugénie, Bernardine, Désirée Clary (1777-1860) från Marseilles, hustru till generalen J.B.J. Bernadotte (1763-1844). Han blev senare kung i Sverige under namnet Karl den XIV Johan. I Sverige var drottningen känd under namnet Desideria.



Auguste Honoré Charlois (1864-1910) var en fransk astronom som upptäckte 99 småplaneter under tiden 1887-1904. Vid 46 års ålder blev han mördad av sin svåger. Småplaneten (1510) bär namnet Charlois.





(378) Holmia = 1893 AP

Upptäcktes 6 december 1893 av A. Charlois i Nice

Holmia är en latiniserad form av Stockholm



(379) Huenna = 1894 AQ

Upptäcktes 8 januari 1894 av A. Charlois i Nice

Huenna är latiniserad form av Ven. Ön förekommer också i namnet för asteroiderna (499) och (1678).



(460) Scania = 1900 FN

Upptäcktes 22 oktober 1900 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Scania är Skåne på latin. I AN 166, 207 står "Planeten 460 ges på grund av astronomimötet i Lund namnet Scania".



(499) Venusia = 1904 OM

Upptäcktes 24 december 1902 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Uppkallad efter ön Ven. Deltagarna i astronomimötet i Lund besökte även Ven



(621) Werdandi = 1906 WJ

Upptäcktes 11 november 1906 av A. Kopff i Heidelberg

Verdandi är en av de namngivna nornorna i den fornnordiska mytologien. Vid foten av världsträdet Yggdrasil sitter nornorna och spinner människornas öden.

August Kopff (1882-1960), tysk astronom, upptäckte 66 asteroider under åren 1905-1909. Han upptäckte vidare kometerna 22P/Kopff och C/1906E1. En månkrater är uppkallad efter honom.



(657) Gunlöd = 1908 BV

Upptäcktes 23 januari 1908 av A. Kopff i Heidelberg

Gunnlöd var i den nordiska mytologien jätten Suttungs dotter. Hon vaktade det magiska mjödet men Oden förför henne och försvinner i skepnad av en örn efter att ha druckit upp mjödet.



(673) Edda = 1908 EA

Upptäcktes 20 september 1908 av J.H. Metcalf i Tauton

Det finns två litterära verk som kallas Edda. Den Poetiska Eddan (Äldre Eddan) är en samling dikter av anonyma skalder. Det är en viktiga källa för nordisk mytologi. Där omtalas även en kvinna vid namn Edda. Den Yngre eller Prosaiska Eddan av Snorre Sturlasson skriven i första delen av 1200-talet e.Kr. är en lärobok i skaldekonsten.





Joel Hastings Metcalf (1866-1925) upptäckte 41 småplaneter under åren 1905-1915. Vidare upptäckte han två kortperiodiska kometer och tre långperiodiska. Asteroiden 792 bär namnet Metcalfia och 726 heter Joëlla



(699) Hela = 1910 KD

Upptäcktes 4 juni 1910 av J. Helffrich i Heidelberg

Hel är i den fornnordiska religionen namnet på dödsriket liksom på dess härskarinna. Dödsriket skiljs från den levande världen av floden Gjöll. Häröver leder Gjallarbron och ingången vaktas av hunden Gorm.



Joseph Helffrich upptäckte 13 småplaneter under åren 1909-1911. Han disputerade 1913 vid Landessternwarte Heidelberg-Königstuhl på avhandligen "Untersuchungen im Sternhaufen h Persei nach Aufnahmen mit dem Waltz-Reflektor der Heidelberger Sternwarte". Asteroiden (2290) Helffrich är uppkallad efter honom.



(720) Bohlinia = 1911 MW

Upptäcktes 18 oktober 1911 av F. Kaiser i Heidelberg

Döpt efter Karl Petrus Teodor Bohlin (1860-1939). Bohlin var bland annat amanuens vid Uppsalaobservatoriet 1880-1883. År 1897 blev han utsedd till vetenskapsakademiens astronom med professors titel. Han arbetade främst med störningsteori där han utvecklade teorien för gruppstörningar, "Tafeln und Formeln zur gruppenweisen Berechnung der allgemeinen Störungen benachbarter Planeten" (Uppsala 1896).



I AN 225, 354 skriver B. Asplind om småplaneten (720) följande: Denna planet som tillhör Koronisgruppen, upptäckt i Heidelberg 1911, har med godkännande av upptäckaren F. Kaiser fått namnet Bohlinia, efter Prof. Karl Bohlin för att fira hans 65-årsdag (30 okt. 1925) och för hans stora insatser inom området småplaneter, särskilt inom teorien för gruppstörningar.



Franz Kaiser (1891-1962) disputerade 1915 vid Landessternwarte Heidelberg-Königstuhl på avhandligen "Über die Interpolations-methode bei der Vermessung von Himmelsaufnahmen“.

Småplaneten (3183) Franzkaiser är uppkallad efer honom. Kaiser upptäckte 21 asteroider under åren 1911-1914.



(806) Gyldénia = 1915 WX

Upptäcktes 18 april 1915 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Döpt efter Johan August Hugo Gyldén, född i Helsingfors 1841 och död i Stockholm 1896. År 1871 blev han svenska vetenskaps-akademiens astronom och chef för Stockholms observatorium. Gyldén arbetade främst inom celest mekanik där han gjorde banbrytande insatser.



(809) Lundia = 1915 XP

Upptäcktes 11 augusti 1915 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Döpt efter staden Lund och dess observatorium.



(832) Karin = 1916 AB

Upptäcktes 20 september 1916 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Döpt efter Karin Månsdotter (1550-1612) gift med Erik XIV. Av Johan III fick hon som förläning på livstid kungsgården Liuksiala med omgivningar, nära Tammerfors.



(856) Backlunda = 1916 S30

Upptäcktes 3 april 1916 av S.I. Belyavskij i Simeis

Döpt efter Johan Oskar Backlund (1846-1916), docent i astronomi i Uppsala 1875. Han blev chef för observatoriet i Pulkovo 1895. Backlund är bland annat känd för sina undersökningar av kometen Enckes banrörelse.

Sergei Beljavskij upptäckte under åren 1912 till 1926 trettiotre småplaneter.



(949) Hel = 1921 JK

Upptäcktes 11 mars 1921 av M. Wolf i Heidelberg

Döpt efter Hel, härskarinnan över dödsriket i den nordiska mytologien. Se även (699) Hela.

Hela var dotter till Loke och Angerboda, och härskarinna i Niflheim, det isiga och hemska dödsriket, dit de själar som inte dött i strid kom. Hel byggde skeppet Nagelfar av döda människors naglar. Moderna ordet Helvete betyder Hels straff.



(958) Asplinda = 1921 KC

Upptäcktes 28 september 1921 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Döpt efter Bror Ansgar Asplind (1890-1954) som beräknade och publicerade banor för ett stort antal småplaneter, främst i Astron. Nachrichten (t.ex AN 249, 65)

Karl Wilhelm Reinmuth (1892-1979) är tillsammans med Wolf en av de stora asteroidupptäckarna, han var den förste att upptäcka jordkorsande asteroider. Han upptäckte 395 asteroider och två kortperiodiska kometer, 30P/Reinmuth och 44P/Reinmuth, under 1914-1957. Han har fått (1111) Reinmuthia uppkallad efter sig.

(959) Arne = 1921 KF

Upptäcktes 30 september 1921 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Son till B.A. Asplind



(960) Birgit = 1921 KH

Upptäcktes 1 oktober 1921 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Dotter till B.A. Asplind



(961) Gunnie = 1921 KM

Upptäcktes 10 oktober 1921 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Dotter till B.A. Asplind



(962) Aslög = 1921 KP

Upptäcktes 25 oktober 1921 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Aslög (som även kallas Kraka) var dotter till Sigurd Fafnesbane och valkyrian Brynhild, och maka till Ragnar Lodbrok som seglade uppför Seine och brandskattade Paris. Alsögs fosterfar Heimer dolde henne som barn i en harpa under vandringen till Norge undan fiender, en berättelse känd genom August Södermans ballad ”Kung Heimer och Aslög” till text av F. Hedberg.



(1073) Gellivara = 1923 OW

Upptäcktes 14 september 1923 av J. Palisa i Wien

Döpt efter Gällivare, centralort i Gällivare kommun. Solförmörkelsen 1927 observerades från Gällivare av astronomer från flera länder. Uppsalaobservatoriets expedition var dock förlagd till Ljungdalen i norra Härjedalen.

Johann Palisa (1848-1925) upptäckte 1874 sin första asteroid, (136) Austria, med en 6" refraktor från österrikiska marinobservatoriet i Pola (Pula) där han var chef under åren 1871-1880. Från Pola upptäckte Palisa 28 småplaneter och en komet.

Ytterligare 94 hittade han med hjälp av 27" och 12" refraktorerna vid observatoriet i Wien. Alla dessa asteroider upptäckte Palisa med visuella metoder. Han jämförde vad han såg genom refraktorn med en stjärnkarta. Småplaneten (914) Palisana bär hans namn liksom en 33km stor krater på månen





(1130) Skuld = 1929 RC

Upptäcktes 2 september 1929 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Skuld är en av de tre namngivna nornorna i fornnordiska mytologien.



(1334) Lundmarka = 1934 OB

Upptäcktes 16 juli 1934 av K. Reinmuth i Heidelberg

Namngavs av Asplind, med Reinmuths godkännande, för att hedra Knut Emil Lundmark (1889-1958), AN 259, 383.



Lundmark var en av pionjärerna inom den extragalaktiska forskningen och den förste att bestämma avståndet till Andromedagalaxen. Han var även en föregångsman när det gällde vad som nu kallas för tredje uppgiften.



(1448) Lindbladia = 1933 OF

Discovered by Y. Väisälä 1938 Feb. 16 at Turku.

Named in honor of the Swedish astronomer, Bertil Lindblad, (1895-1965), Director of the Stockholm Observatory at Saltsjöbaden, and President of the I.A.U. during the critical, post-war years 1948-52.



(1463) Nordenmarkia = 1938 CB

Discovered by Y. Väisälä 1933 Feb. 6 at Turku.

Named in honor of the Swedish astronomer M. V. E. Nordenmark (1867-1962 ) whose writings created increased interest in Astronomy.





(1527) Malmquista = 1939 UG

Discovered by Y. Väisälä 1939 Oct. 18 at Turku.

Named in honour of the Swedish astronomer, G. Malmquist (1893-1982), Director of the Uppsala Observatory.



(1542) Schalén = 1941 QE

Discovered 1941 Aug. 26 by Y. Väisälä at Turku.

Named in honour of Carl Schalén, of the Lund Institute of Astronomy. Sometime director of the Lund Observatory, he is noted for his work on interstellar reddening, some of his research was made using plates taken with the Schmidt-Väisälä telescope at Uppsala.



(1678) Hveen = 1940 YH

Discovered 1940 Dec. 30 by Y. Väisälä at Turku.

Named for the island of Hveen, where Tycho Brahe's most productive observations were made between 1576 and 1597.

(1680) Per Brahe = 1942 CH

Discovered 1942 Feb. 12 by L. Oterma at Turku.

Named in memory of the Swedish count Per Brahe (1602-1680), who was governor general of Finland. The "count’s epoch" was a happy era, with the establishment of Academia Aboensis, the first university in Finland, the construction of various new towns and many schools, and the publication of the first Finnish Bible.



(1778) Alfvén = 4506 P-L

Discovered 1960 Sep. 24 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld at Leiden, on Palomar-Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Named in honour of Nobel prize winner Hannes Alfvén, who has stimulated physical studies of asteroids to be made with telescopes on the Earth and future spacecraft. This name has been proposed by Dr. T. Gehrels.



(2114) Wallenquist = 1976 HA

Discovered 1976 April 19 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Mount Stromlo.

Named in honor of Åke A. F. Wallenquist, retired director of the Kvistaberg Station but still active at the Uppsala Observatory, where he studies dark matter in open clusters. While observing at Palomar in 1950 he was a codiscoverer of (1980) Tezcatlipoca.



(2191) Uppsala = 1977 PA1

Discovered 1977 Aug. 6 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the Uppsala Southern Station, Mt. Stromlo.

Named for the ancient Swedish city and university.



(2195) Tengström = 1941 SP1

Discovered 1941 Sep. 27 by L. Oterma at Turku.

Named in honor of Erik Tengström, emeritus protessor at the University of Uppsala, on the occasion of his 70th birthday, 1983 Apr. 3. Initiator of the study of modern geodesy at Uppsala, he directed research in a wide number of subjects, including astronomy. One of his ancestors, Jacob Tengström, lived in Turku, was vice chancellor of the old Academia Aboënsis (1803-1817) and the first archbishop of Finland (1817-1832).



(2274) Ehrsson = 1976 EA

Discovered 1976 Mar. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Named in honor of a friend of the discoverer.



(2454) Olaus Magnus = 1941 SS

Discovered 1941 Sep. 21 by Y. Väisälä at Turku.

Named for Olaus Magnus (1490-1557), the last Catholic archbishop of Sweden, who spent most of his life in exile in Rome. His Carta Marina was the first map to represent Finland approximately correctly.



(2589) Daniel = 1979 QU2

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named by the discoverer in honor of his son.



(2744) Birgitta = 1975 RB

Discovered 1975 Sep. 4 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Named in honor of Anna Birgitta Angelica Lagerkvist, daughter of the discoverer.



(2875) Lagerkvist = 1983 CL

Discovered 1983 Feb. 11 at the Anderson Mesa Station of the Lowell Observatory.

Named in honor of Claes-Ingvar Lagerkvist, planetary astronomer at the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, well known for his observational work on shapes and spin properties of minor planets, particularly small ones. His research has also provided extensive astrometric data and has led to the numbering of six of his discoveries as of July 1984. An inspiring teacher with a great ability to stimulate the interest and research activity of young students, Lagerkvist has made important contributions to the popularization of astronomy in Sweden in recent years. Citation prepared by H. Rickman.



(2902) Westerlund = 1980 FN3

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of Bengt E. Westerlund, director of the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, on the occasion of his retirement. Well known for his study of the structure of the Milky Way and for his work on the Magellanic Clouds, he has for many years given strong moral support to the Uppsala program on minor planets and comets, and he has even participated in the observations of minor planets with the Schmidt telescope at the Uppsala southern station.



(3005) Pervictoralex = 1979 QK2

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named by the discoverer in honor of his son, Per Victor Alexander Lagerkvist, born on 1987 Apr. 9.



(3057) Mälaren = 1981 EG

Discovered 1981 Mar. 9 by E. Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station of the Lowell Observatory.

Named for the large Swedish lake between Stockholm and Uppsala. A souvenir of a relaxing shipboard evening spent at the conclusion of a most successful conference on minor planets, comets and meteors held in Uppsala in June 1985. Name suggested by B. G. Marsden following a request by the discoverer.



(3204) Lindgren = 1978 RH

Discovered 1978 Sept. 1 by N. S. Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory.

Named in honor of Astrid Anna Emilia Lindgren, renowned Swedish writer, author of many fascinating stories for children and recipient of the international H. C. Andersen gold medal.



(3250) Martebo = 1979 EB

Discovered 1979 Mar. 6 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the Uppsala Southern Station.

Named for a small village on the island of Gotland, where the discoverer spends his summer vacations.



(3331) Kvistaberg = 1979 QS

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for the location of the Uppsala Observatory’s observing station. Several minor planets have been discovered with the Schmidt telescope there.



(3573) Holmberg = 1982 QO1

Discovered 1982 Aug. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of the Swedish astronomer Erik Holmberg on the occasion of his eightieth birthday. Internationally renowned for his pioneering work on galaxies, particularly multiple galaxies, Holmberg served as an assistant and associate professors at Lund during 1937-1951 and as professor at Uppsala and director of the Uppsala Observatory during 1959-1975. Holmberg was an inspiring teacher, and the discoverer is very grateful to him for allowing a young student to start work on minor planets, until then an almost unknown topic for research in Uppsala.



(3676) Hahn = 1984 GA

Discovered 1984 Apr. 3 by E. Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station of the Lowell Observatory.

Named in honor of Gerhard Hahn, a planetary astronomer at Uppsala Observatory and a member of the research group studying minor planets and comets. Hahn has undertaken extensive photometry and astrometry of minor planets and has been studying the long-term orbital evolution and physical properties of these objects. Citation prepared by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the request of the discoverer.



(3677) Magnusson = 1984 QJ1

Discovered 1984 Aug. 31 by E. Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station of the Lowell Observatory.

Named in honor of Per Magnusson, a planetary astronomer at Uppsala Observatory and a member of the research group studying minor planets and comets. Well known for his method of determining the spin characteristics of minor planets, Magnusson has estimated pole directions for more than thirty objects. Citation prepared by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the request of the discoverer.



(3692) Rickman = 1982 HF1

Discovered 1982 Apr. 25 by E. Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station of the Lowell Observatory.

Named in honor of Hans Rickman, a planetary astronomer at Uppsala Observatory and a member of the research group studying minor planets and comets. Rickman is widely known for his theoretical modelling of cometary nuclei, and he is also interested in the relationships between comets and planet-crossing asteroids. He has for a long time favored the popularization of astronomy, and to this end he has written a large number of articles in popular magazines and has lectured to general audiences. Rickman is a co-organizer of the "Asteroids, Comets, Meteors" meetings that are held regularly in Uppsala. Citation prepared by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the request of the discoverer.



(3830) Trelleborg = 1986 RL

Discovered 1986 Sept. 11 by P. Jensen, K. Augustesen and H. J. Fogh at Brorfelde.

Named in honor of an old town in southern Sweden, twinned with Holbaek, the nearest town to the Brorfelde Observatory. Name proposed by the third discoverer.



(3947) Swedenborg = 1983 XD

Discovered 1983 Dec. 1 by E. Bowell at the Anderson Mesa Station of the Lowell Observatory.

Named for Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772), Swedish scientist, philosopher, poet and theologian. Swedenborg began publication of Sweden’s first scientific journal in 1715. His work on the philosophy of nature included a cosmological theory that was a precursor to the now widely accepted Kant-Laplace nebular theory. Soon after his death, Swedenborg societies were formed to study his thoughts, which he had published in numerous Latin volumes. His ideas have been a source of inspiration for many prominent writers, including Honoré de Balzac, Charles Baudelaire, Ralph Waldo Emerson and William Butler Yeats. Name suggested and citation provided by C. J. Cunningham.



(3989) Odin = 1986 RM

Discovered 1986 Sep. 8 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the first and mightiest god in Norse mythology, who is the god of battle and victory, but also of wisdom and poetry. He rules the world from his home in Asgård, where he gathers all the heroes who fell in battle to the great hall of Valhal, where they enjoy feasting and fighting until Ragnarök, the end of the world.

Oden (= Wagners Wotan), är krigsgud, gud för skaldekonstens, de döda, och sejdkonsten, och också den äldste och visaste av asagudarna. Har gett namn åt onsdag. Han brukar sin list och trolldom/sejd för att bekämpa ondska. Vidomen fick han i utbyte mot sitt ena öga. Hans två korpar Hugin och Munin, flyger runt världen och samlar information till Oden. Hans andra husdjur är Sleipner, den åttafotade hästen, och de vargarna Gere och Freke.



(3990) Heimdal = 1987 SO3

Discovered 1987 Sep. 25 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the god of dawn and light in Norse mythology, son of Odin, born of nine virgins (all sisters). He is the watchman of the Aesir and guards Bifrost, the bridge between heaven and earth, against the giants. He is famous for his eyesight and can hear the grass grow. When he blows his lure Gjallarhorn it is heard throughout the world.

Heimdal anses som himmelsgud. Han har flera födelsemytologier, mer verkar inte ha varit Odens son. Han övervakade hela världen från sin bostad vid bron Bifrost (regnbågen) i utkanten av Asgård. Han har oöverträffad syn och hörsel så att han kan höra gräset gro. Han bär Gjallarhornet, som han ska blåsa i när Ragnarök närmar sig och jättarna kommer över bron Bifrost.



(4043) Perolof = 1175 T-3

Discovered 1977 Oct. 17 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld at Leiden on Palomar-Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Named in honor of Per Olof Lindblad, Swedish astronomer, director of the Stockholm Observatory at Saltsjöbaden. He has served as president of the council of the European Southern Observatory and is currently a vice president of the IAU. He is the son of the astronomer Bertil Lindblad (1895-1965).



(4059) Balder = 1987 SB5

Discovered 1987 Sep. 29 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the kindest Norse god, handsome and wise, son of Odin, peacemaker among the Aesir. Through the treachery of Loke, Balder was killed with a mistletoe shaft by his blind brother Höder.

Balder var son till Oden och Frigg, make till Nanna. Han var vacker, ljus, god, vis och omtyckt. Han dödas av sin blinde bror Höder på Lokes anstiftan. Efter Ragnarök skall Balder komma tillbaka från dödsriket och styra den nya världen.



(4092) Tyr = 1986 TJ4

Discovered 1986 Oct. 8 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after one of the bravest gods in Norse mythology and a great warrior. It is unclear whether he is a son of Odin or of the giant Ymer. Tyr lost his right hand when Fenrir was chained by the Aesir.

Han är på många sätt dunkel!



(4169) Celsius = 1980 FO3

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in memory of the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-1744), renowned for devising the thermometric scale. A participant in the French expedition to Lapland to measure the curvature of the earth, he was also the first astronomer to try to determine stellar magnitudes by photometric methods. The year 1990 marks the 250th anniversary of his establishment of the Uppsala Observatory, the original building of which is still preserved in the center of Uppsala. The event will be celebrated at the Nordic-Baltic Astronomy Meeting to be held in Uppsala during 1990 June 17-21.



(4213) Njord = 1987 ST4

Discovered 1987 Sept. 25 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the god of winds, navigation and prosperity in Norse mythology. He belongs to the race of gods called the Vanir, who are often in conflict with the Aesir, and he was originally brought to Asgaard as a hostage. He is the father of Frej and Freja.

Njords andra hustru Skade, (som inte är mor till Frej och Freja) är en jättinna från fjällen. Hon hatar havet och tjut, medan Njord lika mycket ogillar vargthuten. Så de är särbos!



(4254) Kamél = 1985 UT3

Discovered 1985 Oct. 24 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Named in honor of Lars Kamél, planetary astronomer and meticulous compiler and analyzer of cometary brightness data, on the occasion of the defense of his doctoral dissertation on May 24. Kaméls analyses have been mainly directed toward interpretation of the non-gravitational effects in cometary motions and elucidation of physical evolutionary effects in comets. Citation prepared by H. Rickman.



(4310) Strömholm = 1978 RJ7

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of Stig Strömholm, scholar, author, professor and vice chancellor of Uppsala University, to commemorate his active and enduring effort to support and strengthen international collaboration in fundamental sciences and culture. Although a respector of tradition, he is ever open to significant new developments in science and society. Citation prepared by B. Gustafson.



(4484) Sif = 1987 DD

Discovered 1987 Feb. 25 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after Tor's wife, who, after Odin's wife, is the highest ranked of the Asynjur, the goddesses of the Aesir. She is much pursued by the other gods, though they fear the anger of her strong husband.

Hon är äktenskapets gudinna som man vänder sig till för att få starka och friska barn.



(4572) Brage = 1986 RF

Discovered 1986 Sep. 8 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the god of poetry and music in Norse mythology, husband of Idun and son and principal counsellor of Odin.

Brage har inte mycket mytologi, kanske för att Oden också var skaldegud. Man har föreslagit att "brage" kan vara titel.



(4586) Gunvor = 6047 P-L

Discovered 1960 Sep. 24 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld at Leiden on Palomar Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Named in honor of Mrs. Gunvor Ulla Marie Ollongren-Lundgren (1942-), Swedish-born wife of Dutch astronomer and mathematician Alexander Ollongren. She has recently helped provide explanations for several Scandinavian names of minor planets.



(4669) Höder = 1987 UF1

Discovered 1987 Oct. 27 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the blind god in Norse mythology, son of Odin and brother of Balder, whom he killed with a mistletoe shaft with the treacherous help of Loke.

Namnet Höder = krig; Höder var blind och stark. Han lurades av Loke att dödskjuta brodern Balder med en mistelpil. Höder avrättades I Helheim försonades han med Balder. De båda ska återvända efter Ragnarök.



(4862) Loke = 1987 SJ5

Discovered 1987 Sep. 30 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the strangest character in Norse mythology. Loke is one of the giants, but he lives among the Aesir in Asgård. He is the symbol of falseness and intrigue at the same time the enemy and the cunning helper of the gods. He caused the death of Balder, and he is the father of Fenrir, Hel and the Midgard serpent.

Loke var son till jättar, men ändå vän med gudarna, ingick fostbrödralag med Oden. Han är vacker, slug, kan ändra utseende och kön När han lurade Höder att döda Balder blev han fastbunden i underjorden på tre vassa stenar med en giftorm över sig. Hustrun Sigyn samlar ormens etter i en skål, men när hon måste tömma den droppar giftet på Loke, som vrider sig i smärta så att han det blir jordskalv. Vid Ragnarök, ska han bli ondskans härförare och dödas av Heimdall.



(4894) Ask = 1986 RJ

Discovered 1986 Sep. 8 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the first man, who, according to Norse mythology, was made from an ash tree by Odin and his two brothers, Vile and Ve.



(4895) Embla = 1986 TK4

Discovered 1986 Oct. 13 by P. Jensen and K. Augustesen at Brorfelde.

Named after the first woman, who, according to Norse mythology, was made from an ash tree by Odin, Vile and Ve.



(4954) Eric = 1990 SQ

Discovered 1990 Sept. 23 by B. Roman at Palomar.

The name dates back to ancient Norse times, and was also prominent among Scandinavian monarchs. Eric the Red was the first Norse explorer of Greenland and father of Leif Ericson, Eric IX was king of Sweden and is revered as Sweden’s patron saint (although he was never formally canonized), and Eric of Pomerania was king of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. This Amor object also honors Eric Dale Roman, the discoverer’s first child, in his first year of life. Name endorsed by E. F. Helin.



(5080) Oja = 1976 EB

Discovered 1976 Mar. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Named in honor of Tarmo Oja, professor in astronomy at Uppsala University working on galactic structure and variable stars. During the last few years he has also enthusiastically participated in photometric observations of (4) Vesta and (10) Hygiea at both Kvistaberg and La Palma.



(5173) Stjerneborg = 1988 EM1

Discovered 1988 Mar. 13 by P. Jensen at Brorfelde.

Stjerneborg was the pioneering astronomical observatory build by Tycho Brahe on the Danish island of Hven in 1584.



(5498) Gustafsson = 1980 FT3

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of Bengt Gustafsson, professor of theoretical astrophysics at and director of the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, on the completion of his first half centennial.



(5697) Arrhenius = 6766 P-L

Discovered 1960 Sep. 24 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld on Palomar Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Named in memory of the Swedish physicochemist Svante August Arrhenius (1859-1927). A professor in Stockholm, he received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1903. He was the first to explain, in 1900, the formation of the tails of comets as a result of radiation pressure.



(5837) Hedin = 2548 P-L

Discovered 1960 Sep. 24 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld on Palomar Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Named in memory of Sven Hedin (1865-1952), famous Swedish explorer of Central Asia. In his days there were still many unexplored spots on the map of our planet. Hedin made many expeditions and discovered, inter alia, the old Silk route through Asia, the Takla Makan and Gobi deserts, Lake Lop Nor and the Tarim river, as well as the sources of the Brahmaputra and Indus rivers. He was renowned, not only for his scientific papers, but also for writing articles that were interesting for laymen to read.



(5934) Mats = 1976 SJ

Discovered 1976 Sep. 20 by C.-I. Lagerkvist and H. Rickman at Kvistaberg.

Named for Mats Lindgren of Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, whose research into Jupiter's role in shaping the fate of comets led to spectacular results, in particular relating to the evolution and demise of comet D/1993 F2 (Shoemaker-Levy 9). He obtained some of the best ground-based images of the impact plumes and scars in July 1994. His contributions were condensed into his doctoral thesis at Uppsala University in June 1995.



(5937) Lodén = 1979 XQ

Discovered 1979 Dec. 11 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Named for Kerstin and Lars Olof Lodén. Kerstin, an astronomer at Stockholm Observatory, is a coauthor (with the discoverer) of two books in introductory astronomy. Lars Olof is professor of astronomy at Uppsala Observatory. Both have devoted most of their research to studies of the Milky Way, in particular by making a large survey of the Southern Milky Way.



(6032) Nobel = 1983 PY

Discovered 1983 Aug. 4 by L. G. Karachkina at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory.

Named in memory of Alfred Bernhard Nobel (1833-1896), Swedish inventor of dynamite. He was founder of the famous Nobel International Fund, organized after his death according to his stipulation. Originally, the annual profit from this fund was divided into five parts and awarded annually for outstanding studies in physics, chemistry, physiology (including medicine), literature and peace. The centenary of the honored Nobel procedure, which includes participation by Swedish royalty, will be in 2000. The name was suggested by S. P. Kapitsa, the son of P. L. Kapitsa, who won the Nobel prize in physics in 1978.



(6041) Juterkilian = 1990 KL

Discovered 1990 May 21 by E. F. Helin at Palomar.

Klas Juter (b. 1962) is a Swedish architect and international architectural photographer, and his wife, Danuta Kilian (b. 1963), is a Polish designer and artist. Just as this minor planet is a celestial traveler, they are travelers between continents.



(6102) Visby = 1993 FQ25

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Visby is a city, still surrounded by a medieval wall, on the Swedish island of Gotland.



(6273) Kiruna = 1992 ER31

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

North of the Arctic Circle in the province of Norrbotten, Kiruna is the northern-most city in Sweden, known for its iron-ore mining since the late-nineteenth century.



(6528) Boden = 1993 FL24

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Boden, a city in the province of Norrbotten in northern Sweden, is the birthplace of Mats Lindgren, one of the discoverers of this object. The Boden fortress, located inside the gently sloping wooded hills surrounding the city, was in the early 1900s a part of Sweden's northern line of defense.



(6654) Luleå = 1992 DT6

Discovered 1992 Feb. 29 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Luleå, a center of the steel industry on the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Bothnia and capital of the Swedish province of Norrbotten, dates back to the fourteenth century as a center for trade between the inland Samis and the population of southern Sweden.



(6666) Frö = 1993 FG20

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Frö, son of Njord, was the fertility god in the old Nordic religion. He was also the god of peace, good crops and marriage. According to the old tales he had the largest ship in the world, Skidbladner, able to sail both on land and sea. His holy animal was the pig, playing a central role in this religion. In the Nordic countries we still can see some remains of the worship to Frö. The Midsummer pole may have originated as a tribute to Frö. His sister was Fröja, tremendously beautiful, who drove a carriage pulled by cats.

Frö eller Frej var fruktbarhetsgud, son till Njord, bror/make till Freja. Han bodde på Alfhem (Álfheimr) i Asgård och ägde skeppet Skidbladner som alltid hade medvind, kunde segla på land, och gick att vika ihop. Han tillhör vanerna, men bodde hos asarna som fredsgisslan. Han ska tillsammans med Oden och Tor ha dyrkats i Gamla Uppsala. Mytologin runt honom är inte stor, men han ansågs som stamfar till Ynglingaätten. Han har gett namn till Frösön i Jämtlands.



(6686) Hernius = 1979 QC2

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of Olof Hernius, who participated in the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets (UESAC) as an undergraduate student.



(6739) Tärendö = 1993 FU38

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Archaeological remains show that Tärendö, a small community just north of the Arctic Circle in the Swedish province of Norrbotten, has been populated since the Stone Age. In its wooded surroundings, annual midsummer festivities draw thousands of visitors, who celebrate joie de vivre.



(6795) Örnsköldsvik = 1993 FZ12

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

On the western coast of the Gulf of Bothnia in the Swedish province of Ångermanland, Örnsköldsvik is an important center dominated by forestry-related industry. It is the hometown of one of Sweden's most skillful ice-hockey teams, MoDo, where many world-famous players have their roots.

(6796) Sundsvall = 1993 FH24

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

On the western coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, Sundsvall has developed from a center for trade to a center for the Swedish forestry industry. City privileges were granted in 1621 by king Gustav II Adolf, and the city was destroyed by Russian troops in 1721.



(6797) Östersund = 1993 FG25

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

The provincial capital of Jämtland in northern Sweden, Östersund is on the shores of lake Storsjön in which, legend says, there resides a large monster. Although sightings are claimed quite regularly, the monster of lake Storsjön, like that of Loch Ness, remains a mystery.



(7047) Lundström = 1978 RZ9

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory, La Silla.

Named in honor of Magnus Lundström (b. 1967), a former student of astronomy at Uppsala and at the German Aerospace Research Establishment (DLR), Berlin, who was involved with a numerical study of the 4:1 Jupiter resonance and with several asteroid surveys, including the Uppsala-DLR Trojan survey and the European Near-Earth Asteroids Search Observatories (EUNEASO).



(7078) Unojönsson = 1985 UH3

Discovered 1985 Oct. 17 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Named in honor of Uno Jönsson (b. 1937), a friend of the discoverer, to celebrate his 60th birthday. Long interested in astronomy, Jönsson has written several books for a general audience. He has also edited textbooks on astronomy, in one case with the discoverer as a contributing author.



(7217) Dacke = 1979 QX3

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for Nils Dacke (d. 1543), born in Torsås in the Swedish province Småland. Dacke was the leader of the peasants who rebelled against king Gustav Wasa in 1542. This uprising, mainly against clerical policy, tax policy and prohibition of trade across the Danish border, was the last of the large rebellions in Sweden against the king and centralized power. Initially, Dacke and his army had great success and forced the king to sign a peace treaty after he lost most of the southern provinces to the rebels. The next year the king hired foreign mercenaries, and Dacke's army was beaten. Dacke was shot, and the uprising was at an end.



(7292) Prosperin = 1992 EM7

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Erik Prosperin (1739-1803), professor in astronomy at Uppsala Observatory during 1773-1798, calculated the orbits of many comets and was also interested in the orbit of the then recently discovered first minor planet, (1) Ceres.



(7360) Moberg = 1996 BQ17

Discovered 1996 Jan. 30 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in memory of Vilhelm Moberg (1898-1973), Swedish novelist and writer. Moberg mainly wrote about society's lower classes and always fought for the individual against the authorities. He also strove unsuccessfully to make Sweden a republic. Among his best-known novels are Utvandrarna ("The Emigrants") and Invandrarna ("The Immigrants"), about a family moving from Småland to Minnesota during the nineteenth century.



(7412) Linnaeus = 1990 SL9

Discovered 1990 Sep. 22 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in memory of the great Swedish botanist Carl von Linné (1707-1778). At an early age, Linnaeus developed a great love for flowers and herbs. This led him to develop the first major systematic system of nomenclature for the flora, and this became the internationally accepted standard. He organized the large-scale collection of botanical specimens in far-away countries and had a lively correspondence with his contemporaries.



(7528) Huskvarna = 1993 FS39

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Huskvarna (formerly Husqvarna) is a city located at the southernmost edge of lake Vättern in southern Sweden. The town is famous for the Husqvarna rifle factory founded in 1689, now turned into a factory to produce sewing machines.



(7545) Smaklösa = 1978 OB

Discovered 1978 July 28 by C. -I. Lagerkvist at Mount Stromlo.

Named after the music group Smaklösa, which performs mainly on the island of Gotland off the Swedish coast during the summer. Celebrating 25 years together in 1998, they made at the beginning of their career the now-famous statement that only cowards rehearse before a performance. The lyrics of their songs are very intelligently written and are even more enjoyable to those more accustomed to the lifestyle and humor of Gotland. The live performances of the group are unforgettable, and the discoverer is very thankful for those he was able to attend during the summer of 1998.



(7548) Engström = 1980 FW2

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in memory of Albert Engström (1869-1940), Swedish artist and writer. Born in Lönneberga in the Swedish province of Småland, he went as a student to Uppsala in 1889, where he studied Greek and Latin before his artistic ambitions made him move to an art school in Gothenburg. Probably Sweden's best painter of caricatures, he is best known for his black and white drawings illustrating very short stories. He was also an outstanding writer, specializing in short stories. Appointed professor of drawing at the Swedish academy of art, in 1922 he became a member of the prestigious Swedish academy.



(7595) Växjö = 1993 FN26

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Växjö is the provincial capital of Kronoberg in southern Sweden, a town with a charter since 1342. It is known for its twelfth-century cathedral, fourteenth-century castle and nowadays for the Museum of Emigrants.



(7704) Dellen = 1992 EB7

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Dellen, two connected lakes in the Swedish province of Hälsingland, are appreciated among fly-fishermen for their unique population of salmon trout. This 15-km-wide lake system was formed approximately 110 million years ago, as the result of a meteorite impact.



(7705) Humeln = 1993 FU7

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Humeln is a Swedish lake located close to the city of Oskarshamn, where the Baltic Sea meets Kalmarsund. The lake was formed by a meteorite impact during the Cambrian period.



(7706) Mien = 1993 FZ36

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Mien is a lake located in the province Småland in the southern part of Sweden. It is 9 km across and was formed by a meteorite impact about 120 million years ago.



(7770) Siljan = 1992 EQ8

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Lake Siljan, located in the beautiful Swedish province Dalarna, is the largest impact crater in the country, measuring 50 km across. It was formed some 360 million years ago. Unsuccessful attempts were made to drill for oil and gas there.



(7771) Tvären = 1992 EZ9

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Tvären is a kilometer-sized bay close to Studsvik in Sweden. The maximum depth is 85 meters, and it constitutes an Ordovician impact crater.





(7813) Anderserikson = 1985 UF3

Discovered 1985 Oct. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Kvistaberg.

Anders Erikson (b. 1965) studied minor-planet spin vectors in Uppsala and at the Institute of Planetary Exploration in Berlin. The discoverer has had a long and fruitful collaboration with him and is also grateful for his assistance during numerous trips to Berlin.





(7833) Nilstamm = 1993 FV32

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Nils Tamm (1876-1957) studied at Uppsala University in the late 19th century and later at the Royal Academy of Arts in Stockholm. At his private observatory he made observations of variable stars, and he also discovered several novae. His donation made the building of the Kvistaberg Observatory possible.



(7857) Lagerros = 1978 QC3

Discovered 1978 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at Mount Stromlo.

Named in honor of Johan S. V. Lagerros (b. 1968) to celebrate the completion of his Ph.D. thesis titled "Thermal Physics of Asteroids". In a series of papers, he extended and improved the Standard Thermal Model of minor planets. As a result, his model was used for the official calibration of ISO data. The discoverer has also benefited from his experience with computers on numerous occasions.



(7983) Festin = 1980 FY

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of Leif Festin (b. 1967) to celebrate the completion of his Ph.D. thesis on the faint end of the luminosity function. He assisted with photometric observations of minor planets while he was working at the Nordic Optical Telescope on La Palma. He is co-author of several publications on lightcurves of minor planets.





(8534) Knutsson = 1993 FJ10

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in memory of Gösta Knutsson (1908-1973), Swedish author and radio producer who introduced quiz programs to Sweden. His children's stories about the cat Pelle Svanslös and his adventures in Uppsala have been very popular. The author of twelve books, the first in 1939, Knutsson lived not far from the locations where many of the adventures take place.



(8535) Pellesvanslös = 1993 FH22

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for the fictional character Pelle Svanslös, a brave cat that appears in Gösta Knutsson's children's stories. Some of the adventures of this cat, whose tail was bitten off by a rat when he was only a few days old, take place in the section of Uppsala where the astronomical observatory is located.



(8536) Måns = 1993 FK23

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for the fictional cat Måns, the eternal "bad guy" in the Knutsson stories, always devising new ways of ridiculing Pelle Svanslös over his nonexistent tail.



(8537) Billochbull = 1993 FG24

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for the fictional cats Bill and Bull, dim and fawning cronies of the bad cat Måns of the Knutsson stories.



(8538) Gammelmaja = 1993 FR26

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for Gammelmaja, an old and wise cat who seldom fails to notice when Pelle is being treated unfairly and often takes his side in arguments. She lives in the belfry of the Uppsala cathedral.



(8539) Laban = 1993 FT32

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named for the Knutsson's fictional cat Laban. He lived in the Observatory park in Uppsala and gave his name to one of the first modern computers at the Astronomical Observatory.



(8540) Ardeberg = 1993 FK80


Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.


Arne Ardeberg (b. 1940), professor emeritus of astronomy at Lund

Observatory, was director of the European Southern Observatory at La Silla between 1979 and 1984. He played a very important role in the development of future extremely large telescopes with primary mirrors of aperture 30-50 meters.





(8616) Fogelquist = 1980 FY4

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Named in honor of Rune Fogelquist (b. 1924) for his inspiring activities in astronomy popularization within the Mariestad Astronomy Club, located near Lake Vänern in southern Sweden, and the building and running of the nearby Bifrost Observatory, the main instrument at which is a 0.60-m reflector. The observatory has about 1000 visitors annually. The naming commemorates the twentieth anniversary of the Mariestad Astronomy Club, celebrated in August 1998. Name proposed and citation prepared by H. Rickman.



(8677) Charlier = 1992 ES5

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Carl Vilhelm Ludvig Charlier (1862-1934), professor of astronomy at Uppsala during 1890-1897 and later at Lund, worked in several fields of astronomy, including celestial mechanics and photometry. He was one of the leading founders of stellar statistics, applying mathematical statistics to astronomical problems.



(8678) Bäl = 1992 ER6

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Bäl is a small and typical country parish on the Swedish island of Gotland, often associated on Gotland with the well-known song "Farewell to Bäl".



(8679) Tingstäde = 1992 EG8

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Tingstäde is a parish on Gotland. In Tingstäde Träsk, a swamp that is the second largest lake on the island, the remains of a timber construction involving some 10 000 logs, probably from the sixth century, is still visible on the lake floor.



(8680) Rone = 1992 EJ9

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

A small parish on Gotland, Rone is well known for the lyrics to the song Rune from Rone. Nearby Uggarde Rojr, a 3000-year-old burial mound from the bronze age with a diameter of 50 meters and a height of 7 meters, is one of the biggest in Sweden.



(8681) Burs = 1992 EN9

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Burs is a small parish on the Swedish island of Gotland. Gustav Edman (1881-1912), well known for his height (2.46 meters) and strength, was born in Burs. Burs also has the remains of the largest house (67x11 meters) in Sweden from the Roman Iron Age.



(8682) Kräklingbo = 1992 ER9

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Kräklingbo is a small parish on the Swedish island of Gotland. Located here on a hill are the remains of a fortification nearly 2000 years old, the biggest in Scandinavia. From that hill many of the medieval churches on the island can be seen.



(8683) Sjölander = 1992 EE13

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Nils Göran Sjölander (b. 1951), formerly librarian at Uppsala Observatory, studies dwarf galaxies and has a keen interest in the history of astronomy.



(8695) Bergvall = 1993 FW8

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Nils Bergvall (b. 1945), astronomer at Uppsala Observatory, studies galaxy evolution and is also interested in music.



(8696) Kjeriksson = 1993 FM16

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Kjell Eriksson (b. 1948) is currently the director of Uppsala Observatory, where he studies stellar atmospheres.



(8697) Olofsson = 1993 FT23

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Kjell Olofsson (b. 1955) is the director of undergraduate studies at the Uppsala Observatory and studies galaxies.



(8698) Bertilpettersson = 1993 FT41

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Bertil Pettersson (b. 1945) studies star formation, especially T Tauri stars and Herbig-Haro objects. He is also the system manager at the Uppsala Observatory.



(8868) Hjorter = 1992 EE7

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Olof Petrus Hjorter (1696-1750), Uppsala professor of astronomy in 1732-1737 and after 1746, independently discovered comet C/1743 X1 five days after Klinkenberg. With Celsius, he discovered the magnetic nature of aurorae. He donated his library to the Uppsala Observatory, and it is still the rarest part of that collection.



(8869) Olausgutho = 1992 EE11

Discovered 1992 Mar. 6 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Olaus Johannis Gutho, from the island of Gotland, was a student at Uppsala University from 1477 to 1486. His carefully written lecture notes (in seven volumes), the only ones preserved from that time, give good examples of the curricula in those days.



(8870) von Zeipel = 1992 EQ11

Discovered 1992 Mar. 6 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Hugo von Zeipel (1873-1959), professor of astronomy at Uppsala University during 1911-1920, is still well known for his theoretical work in celestial mechanics and astrophysics.



(8871) Svanberg = 1992 EA22

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Gustaf Svanberg (1802-1882), professor of astronomy at Uppsala University from 1842 to 1878, built the present building of Uppsala Astronomical Observatory and founded the meteorological observatory. His autobiography gives a good insight into the academic life in Uppsala during the nineteenth century.



(9055) Edvardsson = 1992 DP8

Discovered 1992 Feb. 29 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Uppsala astronomer Bengt Edvardsson (b. 1956) has made significant contributions to the study of abundances of many elements in star atmospheres, especially in the Galactic disk.



(9056) Piskunov = 1992 EQ14

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Nikolai Piskunov (b. 1957), professor of astronomy at Uppsala Astronomical Observatory, has made fundamental contributions to our knowledge of physical and chemical surface structures on stars, especially the influence of magnetic fields.



(9265) Ekman = 1978 RC9

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Agnita (b. 1945) and Arne (b. 1945) Ekman work for the National Encyclopedia of Sweden. Arne was for many years a staff member at the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory.



(9267) Lokrume = 1978 RL10

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

The church in the small parish of Lokrume, on the Swedish island of Gotland, was inaugurated in 1277. The remains of one of the oldest medieval estates on the island are still visible in the village. Nearby is a meadow, typical of the island.





(9275) Persson = 1980 FS3

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Jöran Persson (1530-1568) worked for Swedish king Erik XIV as counselor and prosecutor. Although he was at first seen as having a very large and bad influence on the king, later research has shown that he was a very efficient tool for the king's demands. He was tortured and beheaded after the king had been put into custody.



(9358) Fårö = 1992 DN7

Discovered 1992 Feb. 29 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Fårö, an island in itself, is the northernmost parish on Gotland. It is famous for its seastacks and beautiful beaches.



(9359) Fleringe = 1992 ED11

Discovered 1992 Mar. 6 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Fleringe is a small parish on the Swedish island of Gotland. Here can be found several old limestone quarries, of which one has been turned into an industrial museum.



(9372) Vamlingbo = 1993 FK37

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Vamlingbo is a parish on the island of Gotland. It has a medieval church and several remains from the Middle Ages.



(9373) Hamra = 1993 FY43

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Hamra is a small parish on southern Gotland. The general store, famous from the song ("snabbköpskassörskan"), has now closed, as have most of the other general stores in the Gotland countryside.



(9374) Sundre = 1993 FJ46

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Sundre is the southernmost and smallest parish on the Swedish island of Gotland.



(9623) Karlsson = 1993 FU28

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Per Olow Karlsson (b. 1934) is a skillful technician who worked at the Uppsala and Kvistaberg Observatories for many years.



(9720) Ulfbirgitta = 1980 FH1

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Ulf and Birgitta Heyman are old friends of the discoverer and his wife. This naming is to celebrate Ulf's fiftieth birthday.



(10013) Stenholm = 1978 RR8

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Lund astronomer Björn Stenholm has for many years worked on outreach activities in astronomy, notably as editor of the Swedish journal ("Populär Astronomi").



(10021) Henja = 1979 QC1

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Karin Henja is a prolific constructor of the Swedish form of crossword puzzles.





(10102) Digerhuvud = 1992 DA6

Discovered 1992 Feb. 29 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Digerhuvud is the place on Gotland where seastacks are most common.



(10103) Jungfrun = 1992 DB9

Discovered 1992 Feb. 29 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Jungfrun is the largest seastack on Gotland.



(10104) Hoburgsgubben = 1992 EY9

Discovered 1992 Mar. 2 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Hoburgsgubben is a very characteristic seastack on southern Gotland, looking like an old man watching the sea.



(10105) Holmhällar = 1992 EM12

Discovered 1992 Mar. 6 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Holmhällar, on Gotland, contains an unusual area of seastacks. One of the expeditions from the Uppsala Observatory to the total solar eclipse on 1954 June 30 was based there.



(10106) Lergrav = 1992 EV15

Discovered 1992 Mar. 1 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Lergrav is one of the most exotic seastack sites on Gotland.



(10122) Fröding = 1993 BC5

Discovered 1993 Jan. 27 by E. W. Elst at Caussols.

The Swedish poet Gustav Fröding (1860-1911) suffered from inherited mental illness. A journalist for the radical newspaper, Karlstad-Tidningen, he became inspired by Nietzsche's work. The highly vocal elements in his poems inspired Sibelius to set several of them to music.



(10123) Fideöja = 1993 FJ16

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

There are two small counties, Fide and Öja, on the Swedish island of Gotland. The church in Öja hosts a very famous crucifix from the thirteenth century.



(10124) Hemse = 1993 FE23

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Hemse, the second largest town on the island of Gotland, is the central node of the southern region. Close to the town there are two pastoral meadows typical of the island.



(10125) Stenkyrka = 1993 FB24

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Stenkyrka, a coastal parish on Gotland, hosts one of the largest church towers on the island. In the church can be found the oldest dated gravestone on the island, from the year 1200.



(10126) Lärbro = 1993 FW24

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

At the church in the Gotland village of Lärbro there is a well-preserved defense tower from the eleventh century. Close to the village there is a spring well known from a Swedish poem.



(10127) Fröjel = 1993 FF26

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

At Gannarve in Fröjel, a small parish on Gotland, there is a 29-m-long stone ship from the Bronze Age.



(10128) Bro = 1993 FT31

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

In Bro, a small parish on Gotland, there is among other things an old cairn from the bronze age. More than 40 meters in diameter, it is said to be the burial site of chief Baldur.



(10129) Fole = 1993 FO40

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

In the small parish of Fole there is the house Vatlings, one of the best-preserved residences from the middle ages in the Gotland countryside.



(10130) Ardre = 1993 FJ50

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Ardre is a small parish on the eastern side of Gotland. Two teachers from Uppsala discovered the beautiful beaches there at the beginning of the twentieth century, and since then the village of Ljugarn has been a popular summer resort.



(10131) Stånga = 1993 FP73

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Stånga has hosted annual games typical of Gotland every summer since 1924.



(10132) Lummelunda = 1993 FL84

Discovered 1993 Mar. 20 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

In Lummelunda, about 15 km north of Visby, the capital of Gotland, there can be found a 4-km long cave in the limestone.

(10265) Gunnarsson = 1978 RY6


Discovered 1978 Sept. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.


Marcus Gunnarsson (b. 1971) is a planetary scientist at Uppsala

Astronomical Observatory who specializes in studying the activity of distant comets.



(10270) Skoglöv = 1980 FX3

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at European Southern

Observatory.

Erik Skoglöv (b. 1968) is an astronomer at Uppsala Observatory working on the dynamical spin vector evolution of minor planets.



(10380) Berwald = 1996 PY7

Discovered 1996 Aug. 8 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Franz Berwald (1796-1868) may be considered the founder of musical Romanticism in Sweden. Although his compositions are somewhat influenced by the German composers Spohr and von Weber, they are highly original in construction and in the use of harmonic means.



(10444) de Hevesy = 3290 T-2

Discovered 1973 Sep. 30 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld on Palomar Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Hungarian-Swedish physicist George de Hevesy (1885-1966) was awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1943 for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes. Working with Dirk Coster in Copenhagen in 1923, he discovered the element Hafnium. The name was proposed by W. A. Fröger.



(10446) Siegbahn = 3006 T-3

Discovered 1977 Oct. 16 by C. J. van Houten and I. van Houten-Groeneveld on Palomar Schmidt plates taken by T. Gehrels.

Swedish physicist Kai M. Siegbahn (b. 1918) was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1981 for his contribution to the development of high-resolution electron spectroscopy. The name was suggested by W. A. Fröger.



(10458) Sfranke = 1978 RM7

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at European Southern Observatory.

Sigbrit Franke (b. 1942), University Chancellor for the Swedish Universities and University Colleges, has an active interest in developing quality education and research, especially in areas outside a student's major or dominating fields.



(10506) Rydberg = 1988 CW4

Discovered 1988 Feb. 13 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Johannes Robert Rydberg (1854-1919) was a Swedish physicist educated at the University of Lund who held the chair of physics from 1901 to 1919. He is well-known for the Rydberg constant, which appears in a spectroscopic expression that relates the various lines in the spectra of chemical elements.


(10544) Hörsnebara = 1992 DA9

Discovered 1992 Feb. 29 at the European Southern Observatory in the

course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.


The small Gotland parishes of Hörsne and Bara joined to become a single parish in 1883. In Bara, there is a church in ruins, one of few such ruins on the island outside Visby.



(10549) Helsingborg = 1992 RM2

Discovered 1992 Sep. 2 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Helsingborg is a town in southern Sweden at the narrowest part of the Öresund. It is the most convenient place for motor traffic to cross to and from the European continent by ferry. In honor of Tycho Brahe, who had his observatory in the vicinity, an appropriate monument has been erected there.



(10550) Malmö = 1992 RK7

Discovered 1992 Sep. 2 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Malmö is Sweden's third largest town. Because of its busy port on the Öresund, it is an industrial and transportation center. Malmöhus, a sixteenth-century castle and fortress, has been transformed into a magnificent museum.



(10551) Göteborg = 1992 YL2

Discovered 1992 Dec. 18 by E. W. Elst at Caussols.

Founded in 1603, Göteborg, on the southwest coast, is Sweden's chief seaport and second largest city. Many of the early inhabitants were Dutch, and this is marked by its typical Dutch canal system. With the development of the Swedish East India Company in the early eighteenth century the city's prosperity increased.



(10552) Stockholm = 1993 BH13

Discovered 1993 Jan. 22 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern observatory.

Stockholm, the largest city in Sweden, is also the capital. Built on numerous islands, it is sometimes known as "the Venice of the North".



(10554) Västerhejde = 1993 FO34


Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.


Västerhejde is a parish on the west coast of Gotland. Its church,

originating from the thirteenth century, is the only one on Gotland with a church tower of a type normally found only in the southern provinces of Sweden.



(10558) Karlstad = 1993 RB7

Discovered 1993 Sep. 15 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Karlstad, the capital of Värmland, lies in southwest-central Sweden, on the northern shore of Lake Vänern. In 1865 the city was almost completely destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt along modern lines, with broad avenues and large parks. Karlstad's economy is based on forest products and heavy machinery.



(10587) Strindberg = 1996 NF3

Discovered 1996 July 14 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Swedish playwrighter and novelist Arthur Strindberg (1849-1912) made important contributions to the naturalistic, symbolic and expressionistic theater. His works include Röda Rummet (The Red Room, 1879), Fröken Julie (Miss Julie, 1888) and Dödsdansen (The Dance of Death, 1900).



(10807) Uggarde = 1993 FT4

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

With a diameter of 50 meters, Uggarde Rohr is the largest of the 1400 cairns on Gotland that were constructed between 2000 and 400 B.C.



(10808) Digerrojr = 1993 FT5

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Digerrojr is a large cairn on Gotland.



(10809) Majsterrojr = 1993 FS14

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Majsterrojr, a large cairn on Gotland, is surrounded by several smaller graves from the Bronze Age.



(10810) Lejsturojr = 1993 FL15

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Lejsturojr is a large cairn on southern Gotland.



(10811) Lau = 1993 FM19

Discovered 1993 Mar. 17 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

Lau is a parish on southern Gotland. The resonating echo in its large church lasts for up to twelve seconds.



(10812) Grötlingbo = 1993 FZ25

Discovered 1993 Mar. 21 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

In the small parish of Grötlingbo on southern Gotland there is a well-preserved farm, Kattlunds, from the Middle Ages. Its first known owner from 1412 was Botulf Kattlund.



(10813) Mästerby = 1993 FE31

Discovered 1993 Mar. 19 at the European Southern Observatory in the course of the Uppsala-ESO Survey of Asteroids and Comets.

In the Mästerby parish on Gotland a beautiful rural meadow can still be seen, like those formerly seen all over the island.



(10997) Gahm = 1978 RX7

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at European Southern Observatory.

Gösta Gahm (b. 1968) is an astronomer at Stockholm Observatory. For many years he has been the project leader of the "Swedish Solar System", a model of the Solar System where 1 AU is equal to 7.6 km and the sun and planets are scaled likewise.



(11004) Stenmark = 1980 FJ1

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at European Southern Observatory.

Lars Stenmark (b. 1944) is a professor in micro- and nano-technology for space applications at Uppsala University. He has been instrumental in many Swedish space projects, such as Freja and Odin.



(11013) Kullander = 1982 QP1

Discovered 1982 Aug. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at European Southern Observatory.

Sven Kullander (b. 1936) is professor in radiation science at Uppsala University. He also has a keen interest in popularizing science for teachers and the general public.



(11061) Lagerlöf = 1991 RS40

Discovered 1991 Sep. 10 by F. Börngen at Tautenburg.

Swedish novelist Selma Lagerlöf (1858-1940) wrote beautiful stories, using popular tales of her Vaermlandian homeland. She dealt with social problems, questions of fault and responsibility from a religious-ethical point of view. Awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1909, she was the first female member of the Swedish Academy.



(11256) Fuglesang = 1978 RO8

Discovered 1978 Sep. 2 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Christer Fuglesang (b. 1957) was the first Swedish astronaut.



(11795) Fredrikbruhn = 1979 QM1

Discovered 1979 Aug. 22 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Fredrik Bruhn is a specialist in miniaturized multifunctional system architecture for satellites and robotics.





(11797) Warell = 1980 FV2

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

Johan Warell (b. 1970) is well known for his high-resolution imaging and spectroscopy of the planet Mercury with the Swedish solar telescope and the Nordic optical telescope on La Palma.



(11798) Davidsson = 1980 FH5

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.

The Ph.D. work of Björn Davidsson (b. 1974) at Uppsala University opened up new insights about the outgassing mechanism and splitting mechanics of cometary nuclei.



(11870) Sverige = 1989 TC3

Discovered 1989 Oct. 7 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Sverige (Sweden) is a nation in northern Europe, located on the Scandinavian peninsula together with Norway. The country is dominated by forests of pine and birch. It has a very rich animal life. Sweden has always been celebrated for its high cultural and ethic standards.


(12197) Jan-Otto = 1980 FR2

Discovered 1980 Mar. 16 by C.-I. Lagerkvist at the European Southern Observatory.


Jan-Otto Carlsson (b. 1943) is professor of inorganic chemistry at

Uppsala University and has for nine years been the dean of the Faculty of Sciences and Technology.



(12199) Sohlman = 1980 TK6

Discovered 1980 Oct. 8 by L. V. Zhuravleva at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory.

Michael Sohlman (b. 1944) is a well-known Swedish specialist in economics and finance, executive director of the Nobel Fund, a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.



(12356) Carlscheele = 1993 RM14

Discovered 1993 Sep. 15 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786) was a Swedish apothecary who discovered oxygen independently from Lavoisier and Priestley. In 1775 he was elected to membership into the Royal Academy of Sciences. He was the first to report the action on silver salts that became the basis of modern photography.



(12379) Thulin = 1994 PQ11

Discovered 1994 Aug. 10 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Ingrid Thulin (1929-2004) was a Swedish screen actor who became famous through her performance as Marianne in Ingmar Bergman's picture Smultronstället (Wild Strawberries, 1957). Another of her well-known pictures is Tystnaden (Silence, 1963).



(12496) Ekholm = 1998 FF9

Discovered 1998 Mar. 22 by Spacewatch at Kitt Peak.

As a promising planetary scientist, Andreas G. Ekholm (1975-2001) contributed to the fields of impact cratering processes, geophysics of icy satellites, and photometry of KBOs and Centaurs. He was also active in humanitarian causes before his premature death in an automobile accident in his native Sweden.





(13437) Wellton-Persson = 1999 WF8

Discovered 1999 Nov. 28 by Uppsala-DLR Asteroid Survey at Kvistaberg.

Helen Wellton (b. 1961) and Claes Wellton Persson (b. 1943) are Swedish entrepreneurs whose interest in minor planets and comets has resulted in generous support and sponsorship for the Uppsala-DLR Asteroid Survey. The name was suggested by G. Hahn.



(13788) Dansolander = 1998 UY26

Discovered 1998 Oct. 18 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Swedish botanist Daniel Solander (1733-1782) joined James Cook on the "Endeavour", the ship that was sent by the Royal Society to the South Seas to observe the June 1769 transit of Venus. During this voyage he collected about a thousand different species of plants, none of which was then known in Europe.



(15239) Stenhammar = 1989 CR2

Discovered 1989 Feb. 4 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Carl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammar (1871-1927) was a Swedish composer, conductor and pianist. His work includes two piano concertos, two symphonies and several quartets. His "Sensommarnätter" (Late Summer Nights, 1900-1904) includes beautiful episodes of quiet gestures that are sprinkled throughout the piece.



(15766) Strahlenberg = 1993 BD13

Discovered 1993 Jan. 22 by E. W. Elst at the European Southern Observatory.

Philip Johan von Strahlenberg (1676-1747), a Swedish officer and geographer, was kept prisoner in 1709 at Poltawa and during 1711-1721 sent to Tobolsk, where he investigated the geography and nature of Siberia. He also studied the languages of the Tatars and Mongols.





(18396) Nellysachs = 1992 SN2

Discovered 1992 Sep. 21 by F. Börngen and L. D. Schmadel at Tautenburg.

Lyric poet Nelly Sachs (1891-1970), coming from a Jewish family in Berlin, escaped abroad in 1940 and became a Swedish citizen. In her work she grappled with the fate of the Jewish people. She shared the Nobel prize for literature in 1965. The name was suggested by the first discoverer.



(25108) Boström = 1998 RV55

Discovered 1998 Sept. 14 by the Lincoln Laboratory Near-Earth Asteroid Research Team at Socorro.


Johan Ingemar Boström (b. 1989) was awarded second place in the 2008 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair for his animal sciences team project.  He attends the Donnergymnasiet Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.


(25109) Hofving = 1998 RR56

Discovered 1998 Sept. 14 by the Lincoln Laboratory Near-Earth Asteroid Research Team at Socorro.


Tobias Olof Hofving (b. 1989) was awarded second place in the 2008

Intel International Science and Engineering Fair for his animal sciences team project.  He attends the Donnergymnasiet Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.





(30307) Marcelriesz = 2000 JE

Discovered 2000 May 2 by P. G. Comba at Prescott.


Marcel Riesz (1886-1969) was a Hungarian-born mathematician

(and brother of Frigyes Riesz) who spent most of his working

life in Sweden.  He did research in convexity theory, linear operators, potential theory and partial differential equations.



(36614) Saltis = 2000 QU148

Discovered 2000 Aug. 27 by A. Brandeker at the Stockholm Observatory.

Saltis is a nickname for Saltsjöbaden, where the Stockholm Observatory was located from 1931 to 2001. For employees the nickname became synonymous with the observatory building itself, where this minor planet was discovered.



(42487) Ångström = 1991 RY2

Discovered 1991 Sep. 9 by F. Börngen and L. D. Schmadel at Tautenburg.

Swedish physicist Anders Jonas Ångström (1814-1874) is a cofounder of astrospectroscopy. He measured the wavelengths of about 1000 Fraunhofer lines, discovering among them some hydrogen lines. The "ångström", a unit of length equal to 0.000 000 000 1 meters, was named for him.



(58152) Natsöderblom = 1988 PF2

Discovered 1988 Aug. 12 by F. Börngen at Tautenburg.

Swedish theologian Nathan Söderblom (1866-1931), renowned student of comparative religion, was a pioneer of the ecumenical movement. In 1930, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his international efforts on behalf of peace through church unity.